The Palani Hills are another mountain sub-range of the Western Ghats ranges,lies between the Cumbum Valley,the Vaigai River valley and Kongunadu region. The northern part of Cardamom Mountains is home to the southernmost natural habitats of Betula (species Betula alnoides). Anamudi (8,842 ft (26… Eravimala. For these reasons, the ecoregion is home to several endemic species and is a refuge for species who has been decimated or are endangered elsewhere. Anamudi is the highest peak of the Anaimalai Hills and also the tallest peak of the Western ghats located in the Idukki district of Kerala. These hills are famous for growing cardamom. Remarks. The human population of the Cardamom Mountain Range, although very small, is extremely poor. Meesapulimala is the second highest peak in the Western Ghats,located in Idukki district of Kerala at an elevation of 2,640 metres (8,661 ft). Previously a logging and hunting community, villagers now make sustainable income through homestays, multiple day guided treks to natural and cultural sites, mountain bike, boat and bird watching tours. In 2008, Wildlife Alliance launched a community-based ecotourism program in the village of Chi-Phat, marketed as the "gateway to the Cardamoms". Hi Chandan, you are doing a good job. From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. ... Cardamom Hills Tribal Population. neangthyi. The Nilgiri Hills’ height ranges from 1,500 to 2,000 metres.  The jar burials are a unique feature of this region, and forms a previously unrecorded burial practice in Khmer cultural history. By contrast, only 1,000 to 1,500 mm (40 to 60 inches) fall on the wooded eastern slopes in the rain shadow facing the interior Cambodian plain, such as the Kirirom National Park. Most of the mountains are a dense wilderness, with almost no human population or activity, but on the eastern slopes, cardamom and pepper are grown commercially, and several large-scale construction projects have begun since the turn of the century. I will sure help you if i came across any thing. Push Notifications Powered by. Kudikkadu peak is one of the high peaks in the Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiri Hills, other famous peaks are Mukurthi Peak,Pichalbetta and Derbetta. Find out the name of the states where highest peaks are located. Satpura Range. In the late 2010s, international conservation organisations, and the UN, has collaborated with the Cambodian government to halt a number of planned construction projects and clearings in protected areas. All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia.com. , Tourism is relatively new to the Cardamom Mountains. Golden Valley is located near the famous hill station of the Thiruvananthapuram, Ponmudi. 6.3% of residents 25 and older have a four-year degree, about average for South L.A. but low for the county ; In Los Angeles County, Baldwin Park, Lake Los Angeles and West Whittier-Los Nietos have the nearest percentage of residents 25 and older with a four-year degree. Anai Mudi the highest peak in the Western Ghats (2,690m) has similarities with Sri Lanka’s Pidurutalagala Cardamom hills are a part of the south Western Ghats nestled in the southeast of Keralaand southeast of Tamil Nadu.Anai Mudi is the highest peak in the Cardamom hills. BRT Wildlife Sanctuary or Biligiriranga Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary is the herds of wild elephants. BIOLOGICAL SERIES. Dense tropical rainforest prevails on the wet westward slopes which annually receive from 3,800 to 5,000 mm (150 to 200 in) of rainfall. While the Cambodian forests in the Cardamom Mountains are fairly intact, the section in Thailand has been badly affected.  Being one of the largest and still mostly unexplored forests in Southeast Asia, it is separated from other rainforests in the region by the large Khorat Plateau to the north. The Vietnamese Phú Quốc island off the coast of Cambodia has similar vegetation and is included in the ecoregion. The Cardamom hills are home to tribes like Mudugan, Urumban and Irulan who work in the tea gardens to earn their livelihood. Be the first to submit your climbing note! These parks and Sanctuaries are the part of Nilgiri biosphere reserve forest and an important wildlife corridor between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. Local legends suggest the bones are the remains of Cambodian royalty. State – Kerala.  The violation of the protection laws has happened on all levels, from opportunistic locals, and local business entrepreneurs, to governmental institutions, foreign companies and international criminal organisations. Avalanche hill is home of twin-peaks of Kudikkadu and Kolaribetta, located at Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiris. (ii) Peaks K2, Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat and the Anai Mudi. Cardamom is known to be one of the oldest spice known in the history of Mankind. The Cardamom Hills central point is about 9°52′N 77°09′E / 9.867°N 77.150°E . Anamudi 2,695 metres in Kerala the highest peak in Western Ghats. Palni Hills is protected as a wildlife sanctuary or Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. ... the Vindhya range, the Aravali and the Cardamom hills. , The rivers are home to both Irrawaddy and humpback dolphins and are home to some of the last populations on Earth of the very rare Siamese crocodiles and the only nearly extinct northern river terrapin, or royal turtle remaining in Cambodia. Mountain ranges and highest peak in India, Mountain ranges India UPSC, mountain range upsc, mountain range up pcs, mountain range geography, mountain range north east, mountain range himlayan, mountain range southern india, mountain range western ghats, mountain range eastern ghats, highest peak in western ghats, highest peak in eastern ghats , The Wildlife Release Station in Koh Kong Province is a release site for animals rescued from the illegal wildlife trade in Cambodia by the NGO Wildlife Alliance. Agasthyamalai (or Pothigai as it is known in Tamil) has long been worshipped by the people living in its shadow and is now protected for its high levels of plant diversity. Anai Mudi: 2695: 8842 : 2. It includes Idukki Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam. A reptile and amphibian survey led in June 2007 by Dr Lee Grismer of La Sierra University in Riverside, California, US and the conservation organisation Fauna and Flora International uncovered new species, such as a new Cnemaspis gecko, C. In Cambodia, indigenous people are collectively referred to as Khmer Loeu.  In 2016, the southern slopes of the Cardamom Mountains were designated as a new national park; Southern Cardamom National Park. The Western Ghats of India is home to many wildlife sanctuaries and national parks and the protected area is home to several endangered and vulnerable species of Indian animals and birds. CARDAMOM HILLS CARDAMOM HILLS – Hills of India. How do you know it when you see it? Highest peaks over 4,500 feet (1,370 meters). , The moist climate and undisturbed nature of the rocky mountainsides appears to have allowed a rich variety of wildlife to thrive, although the Cardamom and Elephant Mountains are poorly researched and the wildlife that is assumed to be here remains to be catalogued. 2012. The lower slopes of the hills now have coffee and tea plantations as well as teak forests of great economic value. While the forests are habitat for more than 450 bird species, half of Cambodia's total of which four, the chestnut-headed partridge, Lewis's silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera lewisi), the green peafowl (Pavo muticus) and the Siamese partridge (Arborophila diversa) are endemic to these mountains. The Cardamom Hills are famous for pepper and coffee plantation in the Western Ghats and under consideration as a World Heritage Site. The large representation of deer may relate to the massive deerskin trade to Japan in the 15th - 17th centuries. Local elephant masters claimed there was more ritual and magic associated with these highly critical items than all others related to elephant capture. former British Raj hill-station of Munnar in the Western Ghats. Doddabetta peak along with near by reserved forest area and hill station of Ooty is the popular tourist attraction of Tamil Nadu. The Cardamom Mountains being part of the southern part of European Ghats situated in southern east Kerala and Tamil Nadu southern west at South Indian. Kuznetsov, S.P. The highest elevation of the Cardamom Mountains is Phnom Aural in the northeast at 1,813 m (5,948 ft). They conjoin the Anaimalai Hills to the northwest, the Palni Hills to the northeast and the Agasthyamalai Hills to the south as far as the Ariankavu pass. Consider things such as access and accommodation at the base of Cardamom Hills, … Guru Shikhar on the Abu Hills is the highest peak of which mountain ranges? Cardamom hills are located in southeast Kerala and southwest Tamil Nadu. Part of the mountains are home to indigenous people, including the Chhong in both Thailand and Cambodia, and the ethnic Por (or Pear) in Pursat Province, Cambodia. The cave and paintings may have played important roles for rituals and magic used to placate ancestors and spirits; seek protection (elephant capture is very dangerous); bring good fortune; and transmit specialized knowledge (teaching/training). Nilgiris Hills or Blue Mountains is famous for its hill stations,Nilgiri Mountain Railway and national park along with endemic nilgiris animals and birds. This might signify a change in the destructive trends, at least concerning governmental responsibilities. The Palakkad Gap is one of the low mountain pass in the Western Ghats at an elevation of 300 metres (980 ft) in the Kerala. 117, part 5, 2012 September – October, p. 39–50 (in Russian), BBC News, "New cryptic gecko species is discovered in Cambodia ", 24 March 2010, "A recent survey of the amphibian fauna of the Cardamom Mountains, Southwest Cambodia with descriptions of three new species", "How Luxury Camps are Saving the Cardamom Mountains", Description by Wayne McCallum of a trip through the forests in 2005, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cardamom_Mountains&oldid=992887026, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles to be expanded from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 17:04. (iv) The Indian Desert, Western Ghats, Lakshadweep Islands.  It appears, however, that rampant illegal poaching is continuing nonetheless. , International conservation organizations working in the area includes Wildlife Alliance, Conservation International, and Fauna and Flora International. In addition to tea, the hills are known for producing coffee, teak, bamboo and cardamom. Several rivers, including the Periyar and … Agastya Malai: 1869: 6132 : Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. Palani hills are a part of the Annamalai range. The Thai border to the west acted as a conduit for Chinese support and, eventually, a sanctuary for fleeing Khmer fighters and refugees. Saser Kangri in Jammu and Kashmir, Jongsong Peak in Sikkim, Mukut Parbat in Uttarakhand,Amarkantak of Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh, Jindhagada peak of Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh,Goodwill Peak is the highest point of the Vindhyas in Damoh district, Pothigai Hills and Ponmudi peak Kerala and Agastya Mala is the highest peak in Kerala south of the Cardamom Hills. Kuznetsova. They are made of Dharwar igneous rocks. The mountain range extends along a southeast-northwest axis from Chanthaburi Province in Thailand, and Koh Kong Province in Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand, to the Veal Veang District in Pursat Province, and extends to the southeast by the Dâmrei (Elephant) Mountains. They conjoin the Anaimalai Hills to the northwest, the Palani Hills to the northeast and the Pothigai to the south as far as the Aryankavupass (at c. 9° N). This is also Cambodia's highest peak. The Western Ghats mountain range is one of the major tourist attraction in the country, also known as Sahyadhris range in Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka state. It is possible that the practice, technology and knowledge was obtained through South Asian influence in the early first millennium AD. Deerskin sourcing shifted to Cambodia and Thailand. Eravimala is one of the highest … The Biligiriranga Hills range is one of the major hill range, located at the confluence of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. , Despite the very high level of protectional status, the actual protection of the conservation areas and implementation of the law has been very poor. , The inaccessibility of the hills has also helped to preserve the primeval forest and ecosystems of the area relatively intact. Eld's deer, muntjac, sambar, gaur, kouprey and banteng were probably far more prevalent in the past.  There are at least 34 species of amphibians, three of them described as new species to science from here. As deer populations decreased, local hunters also may have resorted to more investment in magic and ritual to seek assistance from ancestors and spirits to increase luck. Located at the junction of the Cardamom Hills, Anaimalai Hills, and Palani Hills, Anaimudi/Anamudi Peak of Munnar, Kerala, has an elevation of … Cardamom Hills mountainous terrain and deep valleys are home of three major rivers and famous Idukki Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam. Hence these hills are also known as Cardamom Hills (600-1200 m). In 2016, the Cambodian government established a collaboration with international conservation organisations to increase on-ground patrolling and actual park ranger services, building several ranger headquarters and hiring armed personnel with arresting rights. Cardamom Hills is one of the World Heritage Sites selected and known for its cardamom, pepper and coffee spices. We then visit the unmissable Sri Meenakshi temple The peak with an elevation of 2,695 m (8,842 ft) is located in the region of Eravikulam National Park near the Cardamom Hills. Traditions, experts, and elephant populations were decimated by the Khmer Rouge Regime. , The Cardamom Mountains are an emerging tourist destination. Anaimalai Hills is one of the sub range of majestic Western ghat with the highest peak Anamudi at an elevation of 2,695 m (8,842 ft) in Kerala. Required fields are marked *, © 2010-2021. Mapping L.A. is the Los Angeles Times’ resource for maps, boundaries, demographics, schools and news in Los Angeles County. Doddabetta (in the Nilgiris) is the highest peak. Their name comes through the cardamom liven expanded in much of e hills' awesome level, which also facilitates spice up and java. Cardamom Hills is located in the southeast of Kerala and belongs to the Great Western Ghats. Threats to the ecological stability and biological diversity of the region include illegal wildlife poaching, habitat destruction due to illegal logging, construction and infrastructure projects, plantation clearings, mining projects, and forest fires caused by slash-and-burn agriculture. Siachen glacier which has a length of 76 Km and Biafo glacier (63 Km) belongs to this range and are second and third longest glaciers outside polar region. Vol. The majority of the range is within Cambodia. Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka 1,950 meters. A wild plant initially found in the Western Ghats of South West India. Until recently, Nepal has been the world's largest producer of large cardamom. So Nice Yaar…Thank u so muchfor thz information…love u, Your email address will not be published. Please submit any useful information about climbing Cardamom Hills that may be useful to other climbers. It’s height ranges from 2000mts to 3000 mts above sea level. Anamudi or Elephant Head is the tallest peak of the Western Ghats,highest point in South India and the highest mountain peak in India outside the great range of Himalaya-Karakoram mountain.