Powered by, http://www.tourism-review.com/despite-the-considerable-cost-involved-the-cheetah-is-coming-back-to-india-news2337, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asiatic_Cheetah. It feeds on small- to medium-sized prey, mostly weighing under 40 kg (88 lb), and prefers medium-sized ungulates such as impala, springbok and Thomson's gazelles. Churring (or churtling): A churr is a shrill, staccato call that can last up to two seconds. The Cheetah’s name comes from the Sanskrit word chita meaning spotted one. Ancient Egyptians believed the spirits of deceased pharaohs were taken away by cheetahs. [169][171][172], In eastern Asia, records are confusing as regional names for the leopard and the cheetah may be used interchangeably. This is perhaps the only mammal whose name has been derived from Sanskrit … Other uses include summoning concealed or lost cubs by the mother, or as a greeting or courtship between adults. Definition of cheetah noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. The Asiatic cheetah has a long history in the subcontinent (‘cheetah’ is derived from the Sanskrit chitraka, ‘spotted’) but the story of its decline here is also an old one. In Iraq, cheetahs were reported from Basra in the 1920s. The cheetahs in the painting were previously considered to be leopards. This significantly sharpens the vision and enables the cheetah to swiftly locate prey against the horizon. Home on the range. [109][110] Listed below are some commonly recorded vocalisations observed in cheetahs: Another major means of communication is by scent—the male will often investigate urine-marked places (territories or common landmarks) for a long time by crouching on his forelegs and carefully smelling the place. The mane starts out as a cape of long, loose blue to grey hair in juveniles. Early captive cheetahs showed a high mortality rate, with an average lifespan of 3–4 years. [3] During a typical chase, their respiratory rate increases from 60 to 150 breaths per minute. Fast food. Etymology. They have long legs, blunt semi-retractable claws, and a flexible spine hence their ability to sprint. After trade of wild cheetahs was delimited by the enforcement of CITES in 1975, more efforts were put into breeding in captivity; in 2014 the number of captive cheetahs worldwide was estimated at around 1730 individuals, with 87% born in captivity. Abel Chapman considered it a colour morph of the normally spotted cheetah. Go to Google Play Now » [75], Sharply contrasting with the big cats in its morphology, the cheetah shows several adaptations for prolonged chases to catch prey at some of the fastest recorded speeds. Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus) was last spotted [in India] in Chhattisgarh in 1967. A coalition of three males occupied a territory measuring 126 km2 (49 sq mi), and the territory of a solitary male measured 195 km2 (75 sq mi). Cheetahs often inspect their vicinity at observation points such as elevations to check for prey or larger carnivores; even while resting, they take turns at keeping a lookout. [167] Tomb figurines from the Mongol empire, dating back to the reign of Kublai Khan (1260–1294 BC), represent cheetahs on horseback. Births take place at 20–25 minute intervals in a sheltered place such as thick vegetation. [141][148] Several more cheetah-specific conservation programmes have since been established, like Cheetah Outreach in South Africa. However, they seldom lean on or rub their flanks against each other. [Hindi cītā, from Sanskrit … [59][62] Whether males settle in territories or disperse over large areas forming home ranges depends primarily on the movements of females. [94] In 2012, an 11-year-old cheetah (named Sarah) from the Cincinnati Zoo set a world record by running 100 m (330 ft) in 5.95 seconds over a set run, recording a maximum speed of 98 km/h (61 mph). [17] There has been considerable confusion in the nomenclature of cheetahs and leopards (Panthera pardus) as authors often confused the two; some considered "hunting leopards" an independent species, or equal to the leopard. [58] The appearance is caused by reinforcement of a recessive allele; hence if two mating cheetahs carry the mutated allele, a quarter of their offspring can be expected to be king cheetahs. Meanwhile cheetahs nearby, who did not take part in the hunt, might feed on the kill immediately. [173] Deaths result from several reasons—stillbirths, birth defects, cannibalism, hypothermia, neglect of cubs by mothers, and infectious diseases. Adults typically weigh between 20 and 65 kg (44 and 143 lb). [47][48] A prominent instance was the deadly feline coronavirus outbreak in a cheetah breeding facility of Oregon in 1983 which had a mortality rate of 60%—higher than that recorded for previous epizootics of feline infectious peritonitis in any felid. Cheetah which derives from the Sanskrit ‘ chitra ‘ (speckled) is the only mammal hunted to extinction in modern India,” Ramesh tweeted. The vernacular name "cheetah" is derived from Hindustani Urdu: چیتا ‎ and Hindi: चीता ćītā. They typically begin with the hindquarters, and then progress toward the abdomen and the spine. The Iranian population appears to have decreased from 60 to 100 individuals in 2007 to 43 in 2016, distributed in three subpopulations over less than 150,000 km2 (58,000 sq mi) in Iran's central plateau. [174] Compared to other felids, cheetahs need specialised care because of their higher vulnerability to stress-induced diseases; this has been attributed to their low genetic variability and factors of captive life. [106], Unlike many other felids, among cheetahs, females tend to occupy larger areas compared to males. Groups of cheetah devour the kill peacefully, though minor noises and snapping may be observed. Females are not social and have minimal interaction with other individuals, barring the interaction with males when they enter their territories or during the mating season. [6] By 1987, the first major research project to outline cheetah conservation strategies was underway. Essay in Sanskrit Language – These Sanskrit essays are for all Classes.We provide various types of essay in Hindi such as education, speech, science and technology, India, festival, national day, environmental issues, social issues, social awareness, ethical values, nature and health etc in 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900, 1000 words. [161][162] On 28 January 2020, the Supreme Court allowed the central government to introduce cheetahs to a suitable habitat in India on an experimental basis to see if they can adapt to it. Skin grafts exchanged between unrelated cheetahs are accepted well and heal, as if their genetic makeup were the same. It is produced in similar context as chirping, but a study of feeding cheetahs found chirping to be much more common. A 1973 study suggested the length of the sprint is limited by excessive build-up of body heat when the body temperature reaches 40–41 °C (104–106 °F). Chinese emperors would use cheetahs, as well as caracals, as gifts. In areas where the cheetah is the major predator (such as farmlands in Botswana and Namibia), activity tends to increase at night. A cheetah can weigh up to 160 lbs. (34 to 64 kilograms), according to the Smithsonian.Cheetahs have long, thin bodies with long, powerful legs and a flexible spine. [188] Hussein, An Entertainment, a novel by Patrick O'Brian set in the British Raj period in India, illustrates the practice of royalty keeping and training cheetahs to hunt antelopes. The cheetah has a long, slender body covered with unique, clear dark spots scattered across their tan coats. It portrays a creature with a woman's head and a cheetah's body (often misidentified as a leopard's). The highest recorded value was 93.24 km/h (57.9 mph). [80] Moreover, the reduced viscosity of the blood at higher temperatures (common in frequently moving muscles) could ease blood flow and increase oxygen transport. The cheetah can give up the chase if it is detected by the prey early or if it can not make a kill quickly. [65] Newly born cubs are covered in fur with an unclear pattern of spots that gives them a dark appearance—pale white above and nearly black on the underside. - colors in sanskrit, We are what we eat - दीपो भक्षयते ध्वान्तं, Worthiness of men and women - अश्वः शस्त्रं शास्त्रं वीणा, Science is the only eye - अनेकसंशयोच्छेदि, Time of the wise and the fool - काव्यशास्त्रविनोदेन, Five types of fathers - अन्नदाता भयत्राता, God helps them who help themselves - न देवा दण्डमादाय, Large shoes, small footprint - भोगा न भुक्ता, Human or animal, what is the difference? [175] In a study in Serengeti, females were found to have a 95% success rate in breeding, compared to 20% recorded for North American captive cheetahs in another study. chit-uh - छित्त. [67][62], Touch and visual cues are other ways of signalling in cheetahs. [194] The animated series ThunderCats had a character named "Cheetara", an anthropomorphic cheetah, voiced by Lynne Lipton. Cases of roadkill involving cheetahs have been reported from Kalmand, Touran National Park, and Bafq in Iran. [37][42] The cheetah is thought to have experienced two population bottlenecks that greatly decreased the genetic variability in populations; one occurred about 100,000 years ago that has been correlated to migration from North America to Asia, and the second 10,000–12,000 years ago in Africa, possibly as part of the Late Pleistocene extinction event. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "leopard".Found in 0 ms. The cheetah will stalk its prey, trying to conceal itself in cover, and approach as close as possible, often within 60 to 70 m (200 to 230 ft) of the prey (or even farther for less alert prey). 11-year-old cheetah breaks land speed record", "Temperature regulation and heat balance in running cheetahs: a strategy for sprinters? Cheetah which derives from the Sanskrit 'chitra' (speckled) is the only mammal hunted to extinction in modern India. [104], Males are generally less nomadic than females; often males in coalitions (and sometimes solitary males staying far from coalitions) establish territories. [197], This article is about the animal. [169] A Roman hunting cheetah is depicted in a 4th century mosaic from Lod, Israel. [150][151] In 2014, the CITES Standing Committee recognised the cheetah as a "species of priority" in their strategies in northeastern Africa to counter wildlife trafficking. [166] Other historians, such as Frederick Zeuner, have opined that ancient Egyptians were the first to tame the cheetah, from where it gradually spread into central Asia, Iran and India. El sánscrito, una de las lenguas más antiguas del mundo, es una parte integrante de la tradición hindú. [1][65][104], In prehistoric times, the cheetah was distributed throughout Africa, Asia and Europe. The earliest depiction of cheetahs from eastern Asia dates back to the Tang dynasty (7th to 10th centuries AD); paintings depict tethered cheetahs and cheetahs mounted on horses. Rock carvings depicting cheetahs dating back to 2000–6000 years ago have been found in Twyfelfontein; little else has been discovered in connection to the taming of cheetahs (or other cats) in southern Africa. [163][164], The cheetah shows little aggression toward humans, and can be tamed easily, as it has been since antiquity. All other cheetahs occur in small, fragmented groups (mostly less than 100 individuals in each) throughout the range. Cheetah which derives from the Sanskrit 'chitra' (speckled) is the only mammal hunted to extinction in modern India. Most cheetahs live in the savannas of Africa.There are a few in Asia. Polyestrous, females have an oestrus ("heat") cycle is 12 days long on average, but it can vary from three days to a month. [24][139] The largest population (nearly 4,000 individuals) is sparsely distributed over Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia. Showing page 1. In the past, the cheetah was often called "hunting leopard" because they could be tamed and used for coursing. Language Translation : Aim of Sanskrit Language Translation or English to Sanskrit Conversion is to Understand the Correct Meaning of your Communication to Others with same Sanskrit as mother tongue. [18][19], In 1975, five subspecies were considered valid taxa: A. j. hecki, A. j. jubatus, A. j. raineyi, A. j. soemmeringii and A. j. A stalking cheetah assumes a partially crouched posture, with the head lower than the shoulders; it will move slowly and be still at times. The extension of the vertebral column can add as much as 76 cm (30 in) to the stride length. [186], The Bill Thomas Cheetah American sports/racing car, a Chevrolet-based coupe first designed and driven in 1963, was an attempt to challenge Carroll Shelby's Shelby Cobra in American sports car competition of the 1960s era.